Symptoms of vitamin D deficiency are often not realized. In fact, if left untreated, this condition can increase the risk of certain diseases, from bone disorders to infections. Therefore, the symptoms of vitamin D deficiency need to be recognized as early as possible, the following causes.
Everyone’s vitamin D needs are different depending on their age. In infants, vitamin D intake that needs to be met every day is 10 mcg (400 IU). Meanwhile, the need for vitamin D in children and adults is 15 mcg (600 IU) per day and the elderly around 20 mcg (800 IU) per day.
Vitamin D can be produced by the body with the help of exposure to sunlight, and can also be obtained from foods, such as fish, fish oil, beef liver, cheese, eggs, mushrooms, and milk that has been enriched with vitamin D. Vitamin D can also be obtained through the supplement.
When one rarely consumes the food or is less exposed to sunlight, it is risky to suffer from vitamin D deficiency or deficiency.
Causes of Vitamin D deficiency
In the body, vitamin D is used to maintain bone health and to help the absorption of calcium. The amount of vitamin D levels in the body is governed by the parathyroid gland.
In people who do not have a certain medical condition and routinely undergo a healthy lifestyle, vitamin D deficiency is actually quite rare. However, there are several factors that can increase the risk of vitamin D deficiency, including:
- Consuming foods that contain vitamin D, for example due to extreme diets
- Less or rarely exposed to sunlight
- Darker skin tone
- Certain diseases or medical conditions, such as hyperparathyroidism, osteoporosis, liver and kidney damage, tuberculosis, cancer, as well as indigestion, e.g. due to Crohn’s disease and celiac disease
- Side effects of drugs, eg anticonvulsive drugs, cholestyramine cholesterol-lowering drugs, corticosteroids, anti-fungal, and HIV treatment
Some symptoms of Vitamin D deficiency
Vitamin D deficiency symptoms are often invisible and not even perceived by the sufferer. Therefore, many sufferer who did not realize that his body lacked vitamin D.
Sometimes, vitamin D deficiency is also newly detected through a blood test when a person is undergoing a medical examination to the doctor.
Although it does not have any special symptoms, symptoms can sometimes arise when the body is deficient in vitamin D. The following are some of the symptoms of vitamin D deficiency:
1. Easy to get tired
Low levels of vitamin D in the body can make the body more tired and less energized. Therefore, people who are deficient in vitamin D tend to look lethargic and are less active in their body because they feel less energetic.
2. Bone and muscle pain
Some studies show that one of the most common symptoms of vitamin D deficiency is bone and muscle pain, especially in the neck and back. Vitamin D deficiency can also cause muscle weakness and muscle cramps.
3. Porous bones
Vitamin D deficiency can cause the amount of calcium in the body to decrease. This can make the bones become porous. When the bones have been porous, one can feel the symptoms of bone pain, easily broken bones, or changes in posture.
4. Longer wound healing
Wound healing after surgery or accidents that are longer than usual, can be a sign of vitamin D deficiency. This is because vitamin D affects the production of chemical compounds in the body that play a role in the wound healing process.
5. Frequent sickly
Vitamin D plays an important role in maintaining body resistance by supporting the work of white blood cells. This is why people who are deficient in vitamin D tend to be more sick. Some studies show that people who lack vitamin D are more often infected with infections, such as ISPA, flu, bronchitis, pneumonia, and diarrhea.
6. Mood Swings
One symptom of vitamin D deficiency is mood swings. People who are deficient in vitamin D will often look sad or moody. It is suspected to be one of the factors that cause why people who are deficient in vitamin D tend to get tired.
If not treated immediately, vitamin D deficiency can cause a person to experience a condition called osteomalacia. While in children, vitamin D deficiency can cause bone disorder called rakitis. This condition can make the child’s body shorter.
In addition, vitamin D deficiency can also increase the risk of certain diseases, ranging from osteoporosis, autoimmune diseases, heart disease, diabetes, to cancer.
Measures for treatment and prevention of vitamin D deficiency
Vitamin D deficiency symptoms can be overcome by always fulfilling vitamin D intake every day. The easiest way you can do is to have a sun lounger in the morning, exactly before 10 a.m.. In addition, vitamin D deficiency can also be solved by increasing the consumption of foods that contain vitamin D.
It is necessary, you can also use vitamin D supplement to meet the needs of vitamin D. However, the use of this supplement should be consulted to the doctor in advance in order to determine the appropriate dose of your condition.
If you are experiencing symptoms of vitamin D deficiency, if you are rarely exposed to sunlight or have a certain medical condition that makes you at risk of vitamin D deficiency, treat yourself to a doctor for treatment.