Drug allergies can lead to a variety of symptoms, ranging from mild to severe symptoms. Therefore, you need to know how to cope with the right drug allergies so that the symptoms that arise can be resolved immediately and you avoid conditions that can be fatal, such as anaphylactic shock.
Each drug generally has side effects, one of which is triggering an allergic reaction. In people with drug allergies, allergic symptoms can appear quickly in a matter of hours or slowly within a few days from the use of the drug.
Symptoms of allergies that arise can also vary. In mild drug allergic reactions, symptoms may be rash and itching of the skin, swelling of the lips and face, vomiting, abdominal pain, and diarrhea.
However, drug allergic reactions that appear can sometimes be severe and cause severe symptoms such as shortness of breath, weakness, and decreased consciousness or fainting. This condition is called anaphylactic shock. In certain cases, drug allergic reactions can also lead to a condition called Stevens-Johnson syndrome.
Some ways of overcoming drug allergies
There are several ways that you can overcome the allergic reaction of the drug, including:
1. Recognizing allergy-triggering drugs
This is one important step to overcome the drug allergies that you are experiencing and prevent you from allergic reactions that may reappear later in the day.
Basically, almost all drugs at risk cause allergic reactions. However, there are some types of medications that tend to trigger allergic reactions more often, among others:
- Antibiotics, such as penicillin and sulfa
- Anticonvulsive drugs or anticonvulsants
- Antinyeri drugs or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS), such as aspirin, ibuprofen, mefenamic acid, and metamizole
- Antimalaria drugs, such as chloroquine
- Chemotherapy drugs
- Anaesthesia or Anesthesia
- Drugs uric acid Alopurinol
2. Discontinue use of allergy-triggering drugs
After the drug is known to be an allergic trigger, immediately discontinue use of the drug and avoid its reuse in the later life.
If you are unsure of which medication to trigger drug allergies, try to remember and take note of all medications and supplements, including herbal treatment, which you consume in the last 24 – 48 hours.
After that, you should consult your doctor and take the notes so that your doctor can help identify which medications are triggering an allergic reaction in your body.
3. Home Care
If the symptoms appear to be mild, you can do various ways of overcoming drug allergies, among them with a cold shower, giving cold compresses or applying calamine lotion to the skin or areas of the body that feel itchy and appears rash, as well as ingestion of antihistamines.
4. Taking allergy-relief drugs
Mild allergic reactions can generally subside by itself within a few hours or days. This condition can also usually be addressed with home remedies.
However, the symptoms of allergic medication can sometimes be severe or do not disappear. If you experience such drug allergies, you need to be immediately to the doctor to get the treatment.
To cope with severe drug allergic reactions, your doctor may prescribe the following medicines:
- Antihistamine drugs
When experiencing an allergic reaction, your body will produce an allergic reaction trigger substance called histamine. This substance can arise when you are exposed to allergic triggering substances, including food, dust, and medicines.
To overcome these allergic reactions, the doctor may prescribe antihistamine medication. The drug is often used to cope with mild to moderate allergies or allergies that cause itching complaints and severe skin rash.
- Corticosteroid drugs
Drug allergies can trigger the occurrence of inflammation and swelling in the body. It can cause symptoms of nasal congestion, colds, and shortness of breath. In addition, swelling can also occur in other parts of the body, such as the face, lips, and eye membranes that cause red and watery eyes.
To relieve inflammation that occurs due to drug allergies, doctors can prescribe corticosteroid drugs. Corticosteroid medications are available in the form of medication, medication, and eye drops, to inhaled or inhalation medications.
- Sympathomimetic drugs
Allergic reactions to the drug can cause shortness of breath. In asthma sufferers, allergic reactions can trigger symptoms of recurrent asthma. To overcome such conditions, the doctor may prescribe bronchodilator medication.
This medication will help spread the respiratory tract so breathing will become easier. Bronchodilators are available in liquid and powdered form for use in inhalers or nebulizers.
- Injection of epinephrine
Injections of epinephrine are commonly used to address severe allergic reactions (anaphylaxis). Anaphylaxis is characterized by symptoms of weakness, tingling, breathlessness, tight heart pounding, and fainting.
This condition needs to be handled immediately because it is risky to cause severe complications and even death.
5. Therapy Desensitization
This therapy may also be performed you have allergies to certain medications that need to be consumed in the long term. This therapy aims to reduce the risk of recurrence of allergic symptoms in the later days.
Treatment of desensitization is done by providing a drug or an allergic trigger substance to the body with a small amount, then the dose is gradually increased to the body of the sufferer can recognize and tolerate the drug.
If you have a history of drug allergies, don’t forget to note the type of medication that causes allergic reactions. The objective is that you can inform your doctor or health officer about your drug allergies before undergoing any medical treatment.
If you are not aware of any medications that can trigger an allergic reaction, you can consult a doctor for examination. To determine an allergic trigger, the doctor may advise you to undergo an allergy test.
When experiencing drug allergic reactions, try not to panic and immediately stop all medications that you are consuming. If the symptoms do not improve, immediately to the doctor so that the treatment can be done quickly and precisely.